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Drug-Resistant Sexually Transmitted Infections in Southeast Asia: Regional Challenges to Control

1 Faculty of Pharmacy, SEGi University, Kota Damansara, Selangor, Malaysia
2 Unit for Medication Outcomes Research and Education (UMORE), Pharmacy, School of Medicine, University of Tasmania; School of Pharmacy, KPJ Healthcare University College, Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Australia
3 School of Pharmacy, Monash University, Bandar Sunway, Selangor, Malaysia

Correspondence Address:
Tahir Mehmood Khan,
School of Pharmacy, Monash University Malaysia, Jalan Lagoon Selatan, 47500 Bandar Sunway, Selangor
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/app.app_25_17


Antibiotic resistance is one of the main challenges of the new century which has limited the use and effectiveness of many first-line antibiotics. The excessive and irrational use of antibiotics has assisted the microbes to modify their genes and metabolic activities, thereby developing resistance. Addressing the situation in developing countries in Southeast Asia region, poor hygiene, lack of sanitation, and inequalities in treatment access have further increased the infectious disease burden. In over a decade, the high prevalence rate of infections and resistant to antibacterials has appeared to be a big challenge. In addition, poor compliance to antibacterial use protocols and excessive use of antibacterials has minimized the therapeutic effectiveness of these drugs. A huge challenge in Southeast Asian setting is the resistance among majority of bacteria responsible for sexually transmitted diseases which is still largely unknown. It is the paramount responsibility of local health authorities to effectively conserve the efficacy of existing antibacterials while decreasing emergence and transmission of resistance.

Keywords: antibacterial, antibiotics, drug utilization, prescribing, resistance

How to cite this URL:
Usman A, Ming LC, Khan TM. Drug-Resistant Sexually Transmitted Infections in Southeast Asia: Regional Challenges to Control. Arch Pharma Pract [Epub ahead of print] [cited 2019 Sep 15]. Available from: http://www.archivepp.com/preprintarticle.asp?id=221543



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